As we have done for hands and arms, we are following the same way for feet and legs; starting with anatomy, then build muscles on them, then finally being able to draw feet and legs, knowing what’s there in the contours(muscles groups, tendons etc.).
Knowlegde of anatomy prevents you doing major mistakes in your drawing. Also possibly you can draw any pose from your imagination in any weight.
So let’s start with the bones.
What we have after pelvis; femur(thigh bone), patella(kneecap), tibia and fibula(calf bone).
When we study anatomy we hear pretty much lateral, medial, anterior and posterior. From the drawing above you can check where are the lateral and medial sides. ‘Lateral’ side is where fibia is. ‘Medial’ side is in the same axis with tibia. Anterior is front, posterior back.
Femur(thigh bone) is the bone of the upper leg. Head of femur and a part(acetabulum) of pelvic bone make the hip joint. So femur is a bone for walking and/or jumping.
What follows it is that knee joint for flexion and extention; which has two sides: one with the femur and tibia; one with the femur and patella.
Patella is a protector bone of the knee joint on the lateral side, in the circular form.
Tibia and fibula are bones of the lower limb.
Tibia, strong and long(the longest in the whole body actually), on the medial side of the leg, is the part between the knee and ankle joints.
Fibula stabilizes the ankle on the lateral side, pretty much an important point in drawings.
While tibia, the big one carries most of the weight of the body, fibula plays a supportive role.
Slowly moving to lower joint and further, below the ankle joint there is foot.
In previous week’s tutorial I mentioned that from wrist towards the fingers there are carpal(in palm) and metacarpal bones in following. In here, speaking for foot, there are tarsal bones this time and metatarsal bones follow them.
So those foot bones are calcaneus(heel bone), talus(ankle bone), navicular, cuneiform bones-3 of them-, cuboid, metatarsal bones-5 of them, proximal phalanges-5 of them-, middle phalanges-4 of them-, distal phalanges-5 of them-.
Dorsal view of foot bones
Talus(ankle bone, also aka tarsus) is the lower part of the ankle joint and there and tibia and fibula above it. It transmits the weight of the body to the foot.
Calcaneus is the heel bone and the biggest from the tarsal bones.
Navicular bone, one of the tarsal bones.
Cuneiform bones; they are three. between 1st, 2nd and 3rd metatarsal bones and navicular bone.
Cuboid bone, one of the tarsal bone.
Metatarsal(metatarsus) bones are five long bones; proximal phalanges follow them.
Drawing it from everyside of foot builds a better perception of the form and writing bone names over and over again helps to remember those names. So I suggest you to do those sketches without skipping any name. Next week when we study muscles of leg, surely I will be mentioning some bone names from here.