A close look to 1 point perspective

In my previous post I mentioned all perspective types, now in here we are going to go deeper.

1 Point Perspective

In that type there is one meeting point for those lines that is called vanishing point. Lines get close to a centre (vanishing point), and while approaching to there the distance between them get smaller and smaller and finally somewhere -possibly-away they meet. Let’s draw this step by step.

Here is the logic of this type in the most simple example, which is of course a cube. Extend 3 lines from the vanishing point (VP) and then start drawing surfaces step by step.


Let’s draw modern staircase in here, ha?

modern-staircase-design-modern-staircase-suspended-with-railing-cablesThis photo is what I chose for this topic; because all these steps, walls, floor and ceiling are a good example all together.

Here I start with drawing width of steps and placing them on paper. The red point is vanishing point. We will create 3D effect with carrying lines through there.

0.7 2B clutch pencil

Those navy lines are our guidelines for adding some depth to those steps. Draw those guidelines with a soft pencil, when you draw depth delete the rest later.


Right here I want you to realise that this is a two armed stair and there is a wall between 2 arms of stair, then we don’t see the other part going up. The highest step we see which is stoop, goes beyond the wall.modern-staircase-suspended-with-railing-cables

So lets start to add walls, floor and ceiling.


1Draw a frame for creating a space to put stair enclosure in, then add vertical lines representing our walls. I drew (navy) guidelines, of course in order to add depth, they all ended up at the red vanishing point again.

2-Draw the needed lines and delete the rest of the guidelines, we will draw more guidelines for other elements, too.

3-We can designate a material to floor, so draw lines like in the example. I did it like parquet above, If you want you can do it like small squares for ceramic tiles or rectangles or whatever you want.

4-Now I realise that step is so much similar to 3rd 😀 so draw the needed lines of the floor in here and delete the rest of the guidelines. Check below which parts i chose to draw in that navy lines.


You can hatch all the floor, through the corridor on the left side too. Then you will keep drawing all the guidelines through vanishing point too, with a difference here; our eyes percept those outlines closer to each other as much as they are away from our eyes and if there is a pattern on them will start to vanish or look blur, not clear like the ones right before us.


Add railing cables, we don’t want to fall down while using the stairs right? All drawing is with 2B black pen except those cables, which are made with 0.7 2B clutch pencil. I suggest to use a fine pen for floor too for thinner lines; I didn’t have yet.

Yes, already finished our one point perspective drawing with a modern staircase; yet we know how to set the angle of all those walls and ceiling and everything.

Practice this one and be ready for two point perspective.
See you in the next post!

Source of the modern staircase photo:

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